GitLab ChatOps (FREE)
- Introduced in GitLab Ultimate 10.6.
- Moved to GitLab Free in 11.9.
CHAT_USER_IDintroduced in GitLab 14.4.
Use GitLab ChatOps to interact with CI/CD jobs through chat services like Slack.
Many organizations use chat services to collaborate, troubleshoot, and plan work. With ChatOps, you can discuss work with your team, run CI/CD jobs, and view job output, all from the same application.
ChatOps workflow and CI/CD configuration
ChatOps looks for the specified job in the
.gitlab-ci.yml on the project's default
branch. If the job is found, ChatOps creates a pipeline that contains
only the specified job. If you set
when: manual, ChatOps creates the
pipeline, but the job doesn't start automatically.
A job run with ChatOps has the same functionality as a job run from
GitLab. The job can use existing CI/CD variables like
GITLAB_USER_ID to perform additional rights validation, but these
variables can be overridden.
You should set
rules so the job does not
run as part of the standard CI/CD pipeline.
ChatOps passes the following CI/CD variables to the job:
CHAT_INPUT- The arguments passed to
CHAT_CHANNEL- The name of the chat channel the job is run from.
CHAT_USER_ID- The chat service ID of the user who runs the job.
When the job runs:
- If the job completes in less than 30 minutes, ChatOps sends the job output to the chat channel.
- If the job completes in more than 30 minutes, you must use a method like the Slack API to send data to the channel.
Run a CI/CD job
You can run a CI/CD job from chat with the
- You must have at least the Developer role for the project.
To run a CI/CD job:
- In the chat client, enter
/project-name run <job name> <arguments>.
ChatOps schedules a pipeline that contains only the specified job.
Exclude a job from ChatOps
To prevent a job from being run from chat:
.gitlab-ci.yml, set the job to
Customize the ChatOps reply
ChatOps sends the output for a job with a single command to the
channel as a reply. For example, when the following job runs,
the chat reply is
stages: - chatops hello-world: stage: chatops rules: - if: $CI_PIPELINE_SOURCE == "chat" script: - echo "Hello World"
If the job contains multiple commands, or if
before_script is set, ChatOps sends the commands
and their output to the channel. The commands are wrapped in ANSI color codes.
To selectively reply with the output of one command, place the output
chat_reply section. For example, the following job lists the
files in the current directory:
stages: - chatops ls: stage: chatops rules: - if: $CI_PIPELINE_SOURCE == "chat" script: - echo "This command will not be shown." - echo -e "section_start:$( date +%s ):chat_reply\r\033[0K\n$( ls -la )\nsection_end:$( date +%s ):chat_reply\r\033[0K"
- The official GitLab ChatOps icon
- A repository of common ChatOps scripts that GitLab uses to interact with GitLab.com